Elma, WA Profile: Facts & Data

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Elma, Washington - Basic Facts

The City of Elma had a population of 3,647 as of July 1, 2019.

The primary coordinate point for Elma is located at latitude 47.0034 and longitude -123.4088 in Grays Harbor County. The formal boundaries for the City of Elma encompass a land area of 1.89 sq. miles and a water area of 0.03 sq. miles. Grays Harbor County is in the Pacific time zone (GMT -8). The elevation is 49 feet.

The City of Elma (GNIS ID: 2410431) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Washington is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Elma is located within Elma Division of Grays Harbor County.


Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Elma 2019 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Elma (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Washington Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Washington Data Comparison Tool - 2019 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2019, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


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Elma, WA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2019)

HOUSING AFFORDABILITY INDEX

Elma, WA Housing Affordability Index is 144
State of Washington Housing Affordability Index is 95
The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.

WEALTH INDEX

Elma, WA Wealth Index is 42
State of Washington Wealth Index is 118
The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

These new demographic attributes are availiable for Neighborhoods, Cities, Counties, and ZIP Codes.

More Tools and Resources:

  1. For information about schools and school attendance zones, use the HTL Address Tool
  2. Our new HTL Neighborhood Explorer provides lots of detail about any neighborhood.
  3. The new 2-Minute Introduction and Concise Guide to Big Data which will help you make the most effective use of HomeTownLocator Tools.
  4. See the References & Data Sources page for more information about methodology and sources of data.
  5. See the Washington COVID-19 Data and US COVID-19 Data for more information on the spread of the novel coronavirus.

POPULATION

Total Population 3,647 (100%)
Population in Households 3,590 (98.4%)
Population in Families 2,786 (76.4%)
Population in Group Quarters1 57 ( 1.6%)
Population Density 1,430
Diversity Index2 44
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $46,688
Average Household Income $54,124
Per Capita Income $20,709
Wealth Index4 42

HOUSING

Total Housing Units 1,507 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 719 (47.7%)
Renter Occupied HU 680 (45.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 108 ( 7.2%)
Median Home Value $166,694
Housing Affordability Index3 144
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 1,399
Average Household Size 2.57
Family Households 908
Average Family Size 3
NOTES
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

GROWTH RATE / YEAR

2010-2019 2019-2024
Population 1.01% 0.89%
Households 0.97% 0.86%
Families 0.78% 0.84%
Median Household Income   1.92%
Per Capita Income   1.96%

Elma, WA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elma to the other 625 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Washington by rank and percentile using July 1, 2019 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 232 63rd
Population Density # 213 66th
Diversity Index # 249 60th
Median Household Income # 508 19th
Per Capita Income # 557 11th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Washington Census Data Comparison Tool.

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