Elma, WA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Elma, Washington - Basic Facts

The City of Elma had a population of 3,339 as of July 1, 2017.

The primary coordinate point for Elma is located at latitude 47.0073 and longitude -123.4053 in Grays Harbor County. The formal boundaries for the City of Elma (see map below) encompass a land area of 1.89 sq. miles and a water area of 0.03 sq. miles. Grays Harbor County is in the Pacific time zone (GMT -8). The elevation is 49 feet.

The City of Elma (GNIS ID: 2410431) has a C1 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that does not serve as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Washington is one of 20 states where Census County Divisions (CCDs) are used for statistical tracking of subdivisions within each county. The City of Elma is located within Elma Division of Grays Harbor County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Elma population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

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City of Elma, WA Boundary Map

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Boundary Maps: Elma Division | Grays Harbor County | Washington Counties

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Elma, WA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 3,339
Daytime Population: Workers 984
Daytime Population: Residents 1,920
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 2,904
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 0.87
Population in Households 3,285
Population in Familes 2,544
Population in Group Qrtrs 54
Population Density2 1,767
Diversity Index3 44


Median Household Income $46,336
Average Household Income $54,443
Per Capita Income $21,013


Total Housing Units 1,400 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 728 (52.0%)
Renter Occupied HU 560 (40.0%)
Vacant Housing Units 112 ( 8.0%)
Median Home Value $168,169
Average Home Value $199,691


Total Households 1,288
Average Household Size 2.55
Family Households 835
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 1.0% 0.63%
Households 0.88% 0.57%
Families 0.8% 0.54%
Median Household Income   2.49%
Per Capita Income   3.01%

Elma, WA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Elma to the other 627 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Washington by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 242 62nd
Population Density # 167 74th
Diversity Index # 243 61st
Median Household Income # 457 27th
Per Capita Income # 549 13th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Washington Census Data Comparison Tool.

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